Sensitivity Laplacian Ratio-Based Optimization of the Projection Selection for Diffuse Optical Tomography

Anita Ebrahimpour, Seyed Salman Zakariaee, Marjaneh Hejazi

DOI: 10.4103/jmss.JMSS_24_19

Abstract


Background: In diffuse optical tomography, determining the optimal angle between the source and detector is an effective method to reduce the number of projections while maintaining the quality of the reconstructed images. In this study, a new parameter is introduced to evaluate the source-detector geometries. Methods: A two-dimensional mesh with the radius of 20 mm and 7987 nodes were built. In each reconstruction, 0.5 mm heterogeneity with the absorption coefficient of 0.06 mm-1 and the dispersion coefficient of 0.6 mm-1 was added in different parts of the sample randomly. The relationship between the mean square error (MSE), sensitivity Laplacian ratio (SLR), and sensitivity standard deviation ratio (SSR) was evaluated based on their correlation coefficients. The quality of the images achieved using the optimized projections were compared with that of the full projections for the same depths. Results: MSE decreases by increasing the SLR magnitudes which indicate that the parameter could be used to evaluate the scanning geometries. There was a negative correlation coefficient (R = -0.76) with the inverse relationship between the SLR and MSE indices. SSR does not have a significant relationship with the quality of the reconstructed images. For each scanning depth, the comparison of the images obtained using the full and optimized-selective projections did not show any considerable difference despite the decrease of the projection numbers in scanning geometry with the optimized-selective projections. Conclusion: The unnecessary projections could be eliminated by placing the detectors at the specific angles, which were determined using the SLR. Thus, a proper compromise between the quality of the reconstructed images and reconstruction time might establish.

Keywords


Diffuse optical tomography, geometry optimization, sensitivity Laplacian ratio, sensitivity standard deviation ratio, source-detector angle

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