Tradeoffs between Radiation Exposure to the Lens of the Eyes and Diagnostic Image Quality in Pediatric Brain Computed Tomography

Vahid Karami, Mohsen Albosof, Mehrdad Gholami, Mohammad Adeli, Ali Hekmatnia, Mehdi Fallah, Bagher Sheidaei, Ali Taghizadeh Behbahani, Hoda Sadat Sharif, Somayeh Jafrasteh

DOI: 10.4103/jmss.jmss_19_22


Background: Computed tomography (CT) of the brain is associated with radiation exposure to the lens of the eyes. Therefore, it is necessary to optimize scan settings to keep radiation exposure as low as reasonably achievable without compromising diagnostic image information. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of the five practical techniques for lowering eye radiation exposure and their effects on diagnostic image quality in pediatric brain CT. Methods: The following scan protocols were performed: reference scan, 0.06?mm Pbeq bismuth shield, 30% globally lowering tube current (GLTC), reducing tube voltage (RTV) from 120 to 90 kVp, gantry tilting, and combination of gantry tilting with bismuth shielding. Radiation measurements were performed using thermoluminescence dosimeters. Objective and subjective image quality was evaluated. Results: All strategies significantly reduced eye dose, and increased the posterior fossa artifact index and the temporal lobe artifact index, relative to the reference scan. GLTC and RTV increased image noise, leading to a decrease signal?to?noise ratio and contrast?to?noise ratio. Except for bismuth shielding, subjective image quality was relatively the same as the reference scan. Conclusions: Gantry tilting may be the most effective method for reducing eye radiation exposure in pediatric brain CT. When the scanner does not support gantry tilting, GLTC might be an alternative


Brain computed tomography, eye lens, image quality, radiation exposure

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ISSN : 2228-7477