Pediatric effective dose assessment for routine computed tomography examinations in Tehran, Iran

Atefeh Tahmasebzadeh, Asghar Maziyar, Reza Reiazi, Mojtaba Soltani Kermanshahi, Seyyed Hossein Mousavie Anijdan, Reza Paydar

DOI: 10.4103/jmss.jmss_115_21

Abstract


Background: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effective dose (ED) for computed tomography (CT) examination in different age groups and medical exposure in pediatric imaging centers in Tehran, Iran. Methods: Imaging data were collected from 532 pediatric patients from four age groups subjected to three prevalent procedures. National Cancer Institute CT (NCICT) software was used to calculate the ED value. Results: The mean ED values were 1.60, 4.16, and 10.56 mSv for patients' procedures of head, chest, and abdomen–pelvis, respectively. This study showed a significant difference of ED value among five pediatric medical imaging centers (P < 0.05). In head, chest, and abdomen–pelvis exams, a reduction in ED was evident with decreasing patients' age. Conclusion: As there were significant differences among ED values in five pediatric medical imaging centers, optimizing this value is necessary to decrease this variation. For head CT in infants and also abdomen–pelvis, further reduction in radiation exposure is required.

Keywords


Computed tomography scan, effective radiation dose, National Cancer Institute CT (NCICT), pediatric

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References


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