Epileptic seizure prediction based on ratio and differential linear univariate features

Jalil Rasekhi, Mohammad Reza Karami Mollaei, Mojtaba Bandarabadi, Cesar A Teixeira, Antonio Dourado



Bivariate features, obtained from multichannel electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings, quantify the relation between different brain regions. Studies based on bivariate features have shown optimistic results for tackling epileptic seizure prediction problem in patients suffering from refractory epilepsy. A new bivariate approach using univariate features is proposed here. Differences and ratios of 22  linear  univariate  features  were  calculated  using  pairwise  combination  of  6  EEG  channels,  to  create  330  differential,  and  330 relative features. The feature subsets were classified using support vector machines separately, as one of the two classes of preictal and nonpreictal. Furthermore, minimum Redundancy Maximum Relevance feature reduction method is employed to improve the predictions and reduce the number of false alarms. The studies were carried out on features obtained from 10 patients. For reduced subset of 30 features and using differential approach, the seizures were on average predicted in 60.9% of the cases (28 out of 46 in 737.9 h of test data), with a low false prediction rate of 0.11 h−1. Results of bivariate approaches were compared with those achieved from original linear univariate features, extracted from 6 channels. The advantage of proposed bivariate features is the smaller number of false predictions in comparison to the original 22 univariate features. In addition, reduction in feature dimension could provide a less complex and the more cost‑effective algorithm. Results indicate that applying machine learning methods on a multidimensional feature space resulting from relative/differential pairwise combination of 22 univariate features could predict seizure onsets with high performance.


Classification; epilepsy; epileptic seizure prediction; feature selection; support vector machine

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